On 12 May 2014 the Court, sitting as a Grand Chamber, delivered the judgment on just satisfaction in Cyprus v. Turkey [hereinafter: Judgment], the first of this kind in inter-State proceedings under art. 33 ECHR. The Court awarded to the applicant State a substantial sum to compensate the material and moral damages suffered by two categories of Greek-Cypriot individual victims of violations of the Convention, i.e. the heirs of the forcibly disappeared and the enclaved inhabitants of Karpas peninsula. One may recall that in the judgment on the merits of 2001 the Grand Chamber had found several violations of the Convention by Turkey, arising out of the military occupation of northern Cyprus in 1974, the continuing division of the territory of Cyprus and the activities of the (still unrecognised) “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (the “TRNC”). The finding that the lump sums awarded to Cyprus (30.000.000 € and 60.000.000 € for the first and second group respectively) shall be distributed to the affected population (Judgment, para. 58) breaks a ground, indeed prepared by some precedents, and constitutes the most important, but not the only, contribution of the judgment to the development of general international law.
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